For a Kinder, Gentler Society
The New CommonWealth
From Feudal Corporatism to Socialist Capitalism
  • Claudiu A. Secara
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The New CommonWealth. From Feudal Corporatism  to Socialist Capitalism
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The notion of a worldwide perestroika driven by the global elite continues to gain credibility. The book examines, in a historical perspective, the most intriguing paradoxes in the Soviet Union’s “collapse” — its convoluted path from workers’ paradise to robber baron casino capitalism and back to the social-democratic traditions of socialist capitalism — and speculates on the global implications.

The New CommonWealth presents an analysis of major historical developments that indicate the outlines of the coming new world order, including a comparative study of several economic market models.


About the Author

Claudiu A. Secara graduated from the University of Bucharest in 1972 with an advanced degree in Philosophy and Political Economy. He worked as a journalist in Bucharest for several years before resigning over the issue of journalistic independence; the next several years he devoted to travel and independent scholarship, teaching, odds jobs, reading and writing.

Later he bailed out of the peasant-socialist cum "state-capitalist" system entirely. He arrived in New York in 1983 and earned a Master's degree in Political Science from New York University in 1986. He then earned a doctorate in International Business and a doctorate in Information Systems from Pace University in 1992 and forged a successful consulting career in international business and computer technologies. His consulting work was done for clients such as Panasonic, Bankers Trust, Deutsche Bank, etc. 

Secara departed from his consulting work at the World Trade Center in New York, in February 2001, in good time, and turned again to full-time research and writing. He wrote Time & Ego: Judeo-Christian Egotheism and the Anglo Saxon Industrial Revolution, a philosophical essay, which was finished in 1989. After completing Post-Soviet Euroslavia,  in 1991, and the broader work, The New Commonwealth: From Feudal Corporatism to Socialist Capitalism. In 1994, he continued expanding Algora Publishing, which he had launched years before.

Secara combines the talent of what was once called reading Pravda between the lines, with a classical education and independent analysis. He remains a self-described socialist, atheist, committed to enlightenment and liberty of thought.

About the Book

From socialism to capitalism and back to socialist capitalism: this book examines in a historical perspective the most intriguing dialectic in the Soviet Union's evolution and provides a unique interpretation of events unfolding in Eastern...

From socialism to capitalism and back to socialist capitalism: this book examines in a historical perspective the most intriguing dialectic in the Soviet Union's evolution and provides a unique interpretation of events unfolding in Eastern Europe within broad historical, economic, military and political contexts. The author predicts that the United States, bastion of "free markets", will be forced to move toward socialistic policies just as the Communist nations inevitably integrated more elements of capitalism into their systems, and he speculates on how these shifts will affect the main players' positions in the global power game.

Will US Government bailouts bring the US closer to socialism? Were Roosevelt's policies socialistic?  Are there limits to the capitalist model — and is there a place for unemployment benefits, Social Security pensions, health insurance, and food stamps? If so, why is the "safety net" feared as unAmerican?


Introduction
For anyone who has followed closely the events in Eastern Europe for the past thirty years, the systematic absence of one possible scenario from the mainstream media dialog is baffling – namely that today's Russian troubles may be only a shield behind which a more powerful regeneration is in progress. The New York...
For anyone who has followed closely the events in Eastern Europe for the past thirty years, the systematic absence of one possible scenario from the mainstream media dialog is baffling – namely that today's Russian troubles may be only a shield behind which a more powerful regeneration is in progress. The New York Times Magazine , August 10 1997, brings up one of many questions to which modern history awaits a convincing answer. On the occasion of former Defense Secretary McNamara's revisiting Vietnam, it reminds us of one such unelucidated inconsistency: "If the reason [for the war in Vietnam] was to fight communism, why did the U.S. not help China in 1949, or why did the U.S. not help the Batista regime in Cuba in 1959?"

There are indeed significant and puzzling inconsistencies in the story of the Soviet Union's "collapse." Consider the artfulness, bordering on the Machiavellian, and the lengthy effort that went into its demise and one has sufficient grounds for a different tale. The process of "collapse," basically from 1983 on, came about as the country's establishment applied blow after blow to the highly coherent and resilient Soviet system. The most intriguing aspect of this incredible series of events is that behind it was the political will of the elite – the Soviet elite who had decided that the Soviet system must be dismembered, while the so-called disgruntled masses played a minor role. That amounts, but only on a superficial look, to the impression that the elite itself might have voluntarily decided to dismantle and demobilize its own lines of defense and submit to a condition of servitude to the rest of the world. On the contrary, I am not only in agreement with Weir and Kotz and others who ascribe perestroika and the collapse of the Soviet system to the Soviet elite, but I suggest that today's troubles are not a result of a failed perestroika but are only Phase II of perestroika. From socialism to capitalism and back to a superior form of socialism is how the old Marxist dialecticians would phrase it. By compromising both models – the old communist orthodoxy as well as the newer aspirant, casino capitalism – the power establishment makes it possible to bring the country safely back to socialist capitalism.

But if one accepts this hypothesis, then it becomes the premise of an unsettling line of reasoning. The elite of the second most powerful corporation in the world, the Soviet Union, must have had a self-serving reason to take such risks and must as well have had the opportunity to reformulate its modus operandi.

If this is so, the further implication would be that the "collapse" was possible not in reaction to a stronger U.S. but precisely because the other superpower also showed every sign of weakness and crisis so that it could not mount any credible offensive, economically or militarily, while the Soviet Union went through its own version of the Great Depression en route toward economic restructuring and political modernization.

The most plausible interpretation of the series of international issues of the 1980s (the new economic assertiveness of Western Europe and Japan, the war in Afghanistan, the Iran-Iraq craze, the Solidarity movement in Poland, the world debt crisis, etc.) is that they were already setting the framework for a future covenant – "the new world order" – between the former superpowers, to their mutual advantage. That presupposes an early, even pre-1980, agreed armistice and rethinking of the exhausting confrontation.

If Russia was in a position to let down its guard to the extent that we are witnessing today, it was only because it found itself not in a weak position but in the strongest military-strategic position in its history, free from imminent outside threat as enshrined at Helsinki in the 1975 Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe. Given its control of the world's richest reserves of oil, gas, nuclear material, and raw materials, together with its educated professionals, an unmatched nuclear arsenal*, space technology leadership, etc. – all Russia needed was to repackage its system as a benevolent system, to make it into a soothing and attractive social and economic model, to launch a successful public relations scheme. To succeed at that would be worth the costs and the risks!

From such a strategic viewpoint one may infer that the dismantling of the Soviet Union was only the first step of the former Soviet elite's new policy of Soviet "market" outreach to the West as well as to the South.

In the west, Western Europe today seems at its zenith, however, its fate may well have been determined by (1) its military emasculation (by the Treaty of European Conventional Arms Reduction, the 1988 Soviet-U.S. Intermediate Nuclear Forces agreement and START II) and (2) its dependency on Russian controlled oil and gas. In the south, oil producing Iran and Iraq, isolated by United States' Middle East diplomacy, are quietly and slowly sliding further into the deadly embrace of the northern bear.**

The centuries long Russian-Anglo-American love-hate relationship has been evolving dramatically from late 1978 until today, for sure. However, one might notice that it is being redesigned in such a way as to accommodate in the long run a more assertive, more successful and more powerful Russia overlording its European and southern peripheries.

A first sketch of such an analysis I presented in 1992 at the ISA conference in Atlanta. For a more detailed analysis of the historical background, of the economic, military and political circumstances of such a probable scenario, you are invited to read the following pages.


Table of Contents
Chapter I — The Social Market
Chapter I — The Social Market Chapter V — The Global Economic Scene
Social Market Capitalism The Soviet Union’s Dramatic Decline
The Accounting Nature of Capitalism The United States’ Deteriorating Leadership
Closed vs. Open Capitalist System The Question of Labor Shortages in the Modern Economy
Individualistic vs. Communitarian Capitalism Russian-Style Industrialization
Forms of Socialized Capitalism The Russian Agricultural Revolution
The Profit Motive More Labor through Service Automation
Social Capitalism Reinventing the Feudal Work System
The Social Market Commonwealth
The Industrial Technocracy
Chapter II — The Historical Context The Historical Curve toward Global Market Socialism
The International Power Market Chapter VI — Pitfalls of a Competitive Market
The German Way The Market Economy and Privatization
The American Way "Free Market" without Markets
The Russian Way Growing Transatlantic Trade Disputes
The Interconnected World System European Investments vs. American Investments
The Mediterranean Ecosystem Similarites in the Former Comecon Countries' Reforms
European Inland Farming Playing the Market along with the Socialist Nomenklatura
The Affluent Farming Societies Playing Socialism at the Stock Market
The Emergence of the Military-Industrial Corporation The Concept of Managed Markets
The Anglo-Saxons and the Slavs Chapter VII — The Invisible Revolution
The Battle over Europe Ownership Distribution in the United States
The Balkanization of the World
Employee Stock Ownership Programs
Chapter III — The Economic Models Question In Pursuit of an Industrial Policy with a Capitalist Face
The Interventionist Philosophy A Historical Framework
The Traditional Centrally Planned Model The French Auto Industry's Experience
To Reform or Not to Reform The Japanese Semiconductor Industry's Experience
Internal Factors of Decline The German Steel Industry’s Experience
External Factors of Decline The United States' Experience
In Pursuit of Socialism with a Human Face Chapter VIII — The Making of Eurasia
Reforms and Their Results Convergence within Europe
Motivation vs. Management The Thaw, Finally
The Ambiguities of Decentralization Events within Regularities — the Cycle of History
Market Competition under Central Planning The Aristotelianism of Global Politics
International Markets — National Competition Soft vs. Hard Style Management
Managed Social Markets
Hypothesizing on the Future
Chapter IV — Life Cycle of the Cold War Industries Intelligentsia in Power
The American Pursuit of a Military Economy
The Air Industry
The Air Industry’s Support Industry
The Militarized Economy of the Soviet Union
DĂ©tente

More Information

Romanian Language Translation

 

INTRODUCERE

CAPITOLUL I PIAȚA SOCIALĂ

Capitalismul Social de Piață

Natura Contabilă a Capitalismului

Sistemul Capitalist Închis versus celui Deschis

Capitalism Individualist versus Capitalism Comunitar

Forme ale Capitalismului Socializat

Motivul Profitului

Capitalism Social

Commonwealth-ul Pieței...

Romanian Language Translation

 

INTRODUCERE

CAPITOLUL I PIAȚA SOCIALĂ

Capitalismul Social de Piață

Natura Contabilă a Capitalismului

Sistemul Capitalist Închis versus celui Deschis

Capitalism Individualist versus Capitalism Comunitar

Forme ale Capitalismului Socializat

Motivul Profitului

Capitalism Social

Commonwealth-ul Pieței Sociale

CAPITOLUL II CONTEXTUL ISTORIC

Piața Puterii Internaționale

Modalitatea Germană

Modalitatea Americană

Modalitatea Rusească

Sistemul Mondial Interconexat

Ecosistemul Mediteranean

Agricultura Europeană Internă

Societățile Agricole Îmbelșugate

Apariția Corporațiilor Militare Industriale

Anglo-Saxonii și Slavii

Bătălia asupra Europei

Balcanizarea Lumii

CAPITOLUL III PROBLEMA MODELELOR ECONOMICE

Filozofia Intervenționismului

Modelul Tradițional de Planificare Centralizată

A Reforma sau a nu Reforma?

Factorii Interni ai Declinului

Factori Externi ai Declinului

În Căutarea Capitalismului cu Față Umană

Reformele și Rezultatele Acestora

Motivație versus Management

Ambiguitățile "Descentralizării"

Concurența de Piață Ăźn Cadrul Planificării Centralizate

Piețe Internaționale Ăźn Timpul Concurenței Ăźntre Națiuni

Piețe Sociale Conduse 124

CAPITOLUL IV CARACTERUL CICLIC AL INDUSTRIILOR

ÎN TIMPUL RĂZBOIULUI RECE 129

Preocuparea Americană pentru o Economie Militară 134

Industria Aeronautică 141

Industria de Spijin a Industriei Aviatice 145

Economia Militarizată a Uniunii Sovietice 150

Detentă 166

CAPITOLUL V - SCENA ECONOMICĂ GLOBALĂ 177

Declinul Dramatic al Uniunii Sovietice 177

Deteriorarea Supremației Statelor Unite 188

Problema Crizei Muncii in Economia Modernă 181

Industrializarea in Stil Rusesc 185

Revoluția Agricolă sin Rusia 190

Mai Multă Muncă prin Automatizare 194

Reinventarea Sistemului de Lucru Feudal 197

Tehnocrația Industrială 200

Curba Istorică a Socialismului Pieței Mondiale 204

CAPITOLUL VI - CAPCANELE PIEȚEI

CONCURENȚIONALE 209

Economia de Piață și Privatizarea 210

"Piața Liberă" fără Piețe 212

Intensificarea Disputelor Comerciale Trans-Atlantice 213

Investiții Europene versus Investiții Americane 214

Similitudini Ăźn Reformele Fostelor Țări ale Comecomului 214

Jocul de-a Piața Ăźn Timpul Nomenclaturii Socialiste 216

Socialismul Jucat la Bursă 220

Conceptul de Piețe Dirijate 224

CAPITOLUL VII - REVOLUȚIA INVIZIBILĂ 233

Redistribuirea Proprietății Ăźn Statele Unite 233

Programul Deținerii Acțiunilor de către Angajați 239

În Căutarea Politicii Industriale cu Față Capitalistă 244

Cadru Istoric 245

Experiența Industriei Automobilelor Franceze 250

Experiența Industriei Japoneze a Semiconductorilor 252

Experiența Industriei Germane a Oțelului 255

Experiența Statelor Unite 257

CAPITOLUL VIII - CONSTITUIREA EURASIEI 259

Convergența Ăźn Cadrul Europei 259

Dezghețul, Ăźn Final 264

Evenimente Ăźn Continuitate - Ciclurile Ăźn Istorie 268

Aristotelismul Politicilor Globale 269

Stilul de Management Soft versus Hard 271

Ipoteze Asupra Viitorului 272

Inteligenția la Putere 273

Nașterea Euroslaviei 276


Reviews
"Most interesting." | More »
"Extremely ambitious and interesting." | More »
"You wrestle with great and intriguing issues. I found your vignettes and odd 'facts' quite fascinating." | More »
"Important contribution to the staggering and revolutionary changes in Eastern Europe." | More »
"Interesting and food for thought." | More »
"These writings are a major contribution to managing the next 100 years of international relations." | More »
BOOKLIST review March 15, 1998 | More »

Pages 296
Year: 1997
LC Classification: HB501.S49
Dewey code: 330.12/2 21
BISAC: POL011000
Soft Cover
ISBN: 978-0-9646073-4-7
Price: USD 24.95
eBook
ISBN: 978-1-892941-19-0
Price: USD 31.95
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