This morning’s key headlines from GenerationalDynamics.com
- Greece financial crisis threatened after Tsipras announces new spending program
- IMF says that Greece’s budget must be ‘more growth-friendly’
Greece financial crisis threatened after Tsipras announces new spending program
Alexis Tsipras in Athens on November 28 (Reuters)
A new disagreement between Greece and Greece’s three creditor institutions — the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the European Commission (EC), the European Central Bank (ECB), formerly known as the “troika” — is threatening to catapult Greece into a major new financial crisis by Christmas.
This has been going on for years, and as we’ve written many times in the past, there is no solution to Greece’s financial crisis. It’s not that no one has been clever enough to figure out a solution. It’s that no solution exists. Greece’s government accumulated an enormous amount of debt in the 2000s decade by repeatedly lying about its income and expenses, and ever since the day of reckoning, it’s been clear that Greece will never be able to repay its debts.
If Greece declares bankruptcy, leaves the euro currency, and returns to its original drachma currency, it will be a financial disaster for the Greek people. And so, the three institutions have been kicking the can down the road by repeatedly providing money, and by requiring Greece to make various cuts in government programs, in order to give the appearance of forcing some discipline on the government, even though they know it will make little difference. Officials in Greece make arguments that boil down to the following: We all know that Greece is going to go deeper and deeper into debt anyway, so we might as well just keep spending more money on social programs.
On December 5, the three institutions reached an agreement to a bailout loan with enough more money to allow Greece to meet its next debt repayment and avoid having to declare bankruptcy. At the same time, they insisted that Greece’s government adopt more reforms, thus playing their part in the game. But Greece’s prime minister Alexis Tsipras didn’t play the game. He announced that instead of reforms, he would grant a pre-Christmas bonus to poor pensioners. In addition, he will keep in place a discount in valued-added tax, to eastern Aegean islands whose tourist industries have suffered because of the crisis of refugees crossing from Turkey to Greece. He had previously promised to scrap that discount as one of his commitments in return for the latest bailout. Apparently he believes that he can get away with this because of Greece’s central role in the refugee crisis.
This sudden announcement has caused the December 5 agreement to fall apart. The Eurogroup of eurozone finance ministers issued a statement saying that Tsipras’s announcement appeared “to not be in line with our agreements.” The bailout loan has been put on hold, and the institutions will now put into place a full investigation of Greece’s fiscal plans, before it will be reinstated. Kathimerini and Bloomberg
IMF says that Greece’s budget must be ‘more growth-friendly’
Left: Greece’s tax collections have fallen sharply; right: More than 50% of Greece’s household are exempt from paying any income tax at all (IMF)
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is being blamed by many people for demanding more austerity from Greece and threatening Greek people with starvation.
The IMF is responding that it’s not demanding any additional austerity at all, but instead is asking that the public sector be restructured to make it “more growth-friendly.” The IMF makes the following points:
- Over 50% of Greek households are exempted from paying any income tax at all (versus 8% average for the rest of the eurozone).
- As a result, less than half the households must pay extremely high tax rates, which makes it very difficult to raise taxes any further.
- Greece’s social payments are so high that little is left for investment in Greece itself. As a result, decaying infrastructure is hampering growth and the delivery of basic public services such as transportation and health care is being compromised.
- A better solution, according to the IMF, would be to spread the tax burden to more people, so that tax rates can be lowered. Lower tax rates would be friendly to growth.
- Greece does not have the kind of unemployment compensation and other well-targeted social benefits that are commonplace elsewhere in Europe and that are critical for broad social support in a modern market-oriented economy.
- As a result, Greece has outdated laws restricting layoffs. Rather than provide unemployment benefits for laid off workers, the government restricts the ability of firms to lay the off, which inhibits growth. Allowing layoffs and providing unemployment benefits would be growth-friendly.
- Greece has no basic welfare benefits, which means that poor people cannot get welfare.
- But Greece has unreasonably high pensions, paid to the elderly. The result is an implicit transfer of money from the most vulnerable members of the working age population to older Greeks.
The IMF recommends that the authorities should further reduce current pensions while increasing spending on a modern and well-targeted welfare system to protect those that are most in need. More should be spent on other essential public services and key public investments too. IMF and IMF (PDF) and Newsweek
- Workers riot as Greece braces for new austerity measures (09-May-2016)
- IMF balks at new European bailout plan for Greece (26-May-2016)
- Alexis Tsipras’ far-left Syriza party wins historic election in Greece (26-Jan-2015)
- Number of migrants reaching Greece surges since Turkey’s attempted coup (18-Aug-2016)
- Increasingly desperate European Union threatens Greece over refugee crisis (13-Feb-2016)
- With Dubai threatening default, Greece enters the spotlight (30-Nov-2009)
KEYS: Generational Dynamics, Greece, Alexis Tsipras, International Monetary Fund, IMF, European Commission (EC), European Central Bank (ECB), Turkey, Eurozone
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